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Nymphs and Satyr, by William Bouguereau (Detail)
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Julien
Dupre
French painter
born March 17 1851- died April 1910

Also known as:
Julien Dupré

Nationality:
French

Student of:


Biographical Information

by Howard L. Rehs
Rehs Galleries, Inc., New York City

Working during the last half of the 19th century, Julien Dupr� was an artist, considered by most, to be one of the leading exponents of the second generation of Realist painters; a group that also includes Leon Lhermitte, Jules Bastien-Lepage and Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret. Like J.F. Millet and J. Breton, before them, these artists devoted their artistic careers to the depiction of the toils of the French peasant - often seen hard at work in the fields. As Hollister Sturges states in Jules Breton and the French Rural Tradition (1982, Joslyn Art Museum):

"Salon critics rightly perceived Julien Dupr� as Breton's closest follower. Through idealization of form, he invested his peasant women with a heroic aura, though unlike his predecessor, his figures are usually engaged in vigorous action. His landscapes, with their cloudy skies and varied motifs, are also much more active. Their high key color and spontaneous brushwork have a vivacity and freshness that distinguishes them from the somber calm of Breton's scenes."

Dupr�'s most enduring and powerful image is that of a single, Herculean, female, positioned dramatically and elegantly in the foreground of the painting, pitching hay. His finely modeled figures pay tribute to his academic training, as well as his study of the works of Breton and Bouguereau; while his freer handling of the background areas, at times done with a palette knife, shows the influence of the Impressionists.

Dupr� received his artistic training in the academic studios of Isidore Pils, Desire-Francois Laug�e and Henri Lehmann. He exhibited his first painting at the Paris Salon in 1876 and thereafter, became a regular exhibitor until his death in 1910. In 1880 he was awarded a third-class medal for Faucheurs de Luzerne and in 1881 he received a second-class medal for his La Recolte des Foins. He was honored with a gold medal at the Paris Fair of 1889 and in 1892 was awarded the Legion of Honor. His work was sought after internationally and he found a good market in the United States. In 1891 Marion H. Speilman, in his article entitled "The White Cow" (The Magazine of Art, 1891, Vol. 14, p. 415), describes Dupr� as:

"... one of the most rising artists of the French School. He is individual in his work, accurate as an observer, earnest as a painter, healthy in his instincts and intensely artistic in his impressions and translations of them... he is always one of the attractions at the Salon."

Acknowledging his mastery at portraying both animals and humans powerfully, yet gracefully, one cannot help but pay tribute to his immense talent in being able to re-create nature's light on canvas - a feat that many have attempted but few have succeeded in accomplishing. Whether it is the light filtering through a group of trees onto the figures and animals below or the warm effulgent sun bathing the lush French countryside, Dupr� is always true to nature.

Speilman goes on to remark that: "In The White Cow which was amongst the finest works in last year's Salon, several of M. Dupr�'s merits as a painter are exemplified. The cow - taking a patient and intelligent interest in the operation of milking - is superbly drawn, and her expression admirably rendered. The light and shade, the balance of composition, and the rendering and disposition of the figures combine in this picture to produce a canvas which pleases the spectator the more he examines it."

Works in public collections (partial listing):
Haying Scene (1884) - St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO.
The Haymakers (1886) - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.
Return From the Fields (n.d.) - Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE.
In Pasture (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Haying Scene (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Young Woman Watering Cattle - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Haymaking (1892) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Children Feeding Geese (1881) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Peasant Girl with Sheep - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Milking Time - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Women in the Fields - Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME.
The Young Shepherdess - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.
In the Pasture (1883) - University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington, KY.
Le Ballon (1886) - Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, PA.

To learn more about the upcoming Julien Dupr� catalogue raisonn� visit this address: http://www.juliendupre.com

[This essay is copyrighted by Rehs Galleries, Inc. and may not be reproduced or transmitted without written permission from Rehs Galleries, Inc.]

   Artist Portraits

   Artist Letters

Shepherdess with Goat, Sheep and Cow

Oil on canvas
Collection of M.S.Rau Antiques (United States)

M.S. Rau Antiques Fine Art Collection
Added: 2001-10-04
Shepherdess with Goat, Sheep and Cow
Le Repos

Translated title: Rest
Oil on canvas
71.12 x 48.26 cm
(28" x 19")
Rehs Galleries, Inc. (New York, New York, United States)

Added: 2001-10-09
La Faneuse

Translated title: The Haymaker
Oil on canvas
66.04 x 81.28 cm
(26" x 32")
Rehs Galleries, Inc. (New York, New York, United States)

Added: 2001-10-10
La Faneuse
Laitiere

Translated title: Milkmaid
Oil on canvas
38.735 x 55.245 cm
(15¼" x 21¾")
Rehs Galleries, Inc. (New York, New York, United States)

Added: 2001-10-09
Laitiere
Le Dejeuner de Faneuse

Translated title: The Haymakers' Lunch
Oil on canvas
55.88 x 66.04 cm
(22" x 26")
Rehs Galleries, Inc. (New York, New York, United States)

Added: 2001-10-10
Le Dejeuner de Faneuse
Peasant Woman with Cows & Sheep

Oil on canvas
38.1 x 55.245 cm
(15" x 21¾")
Rehs Galleries, Inc. (New York, New York, United States)

Added: 2001-10-09
Peasant Woman with Cows & Sheep
Returning From the Fields

Oil on canvas
45.72 x 33.02 cm
(18" x 13")
Rehs Galleries, Inc. (New York, New York, United States)

Added: 2001-10-10
Returning From the Fields
La Vachère

Oil on canvas
48.3 x 65.4 cm
(19.02" x 25¾")
Private collection

Added: 2002-07-24
In the Meadow

1881
Oil on canvas
Musee des Beaux-Arts (Carcassonne, France)

Added: 2004-02-16
In the Meadow
A Milk Maid with Cows and Sheep

Oil on canvas
Private collection

Added: 2004-08-19
A Milk Maid with Cows and Sheep