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Nymphs and Satyr, by William Bouguereau (Detail)
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Joshua
Reynolds
English painter, writer & collector
born July 16 1723- died February 23 1792

Also known as:
Sir Joshua Raynolds, Sir Joshua Reynold, Sir Joshua Reynolds

Nationality:
English

Apprentice to:
Thomas Hudson (1701-1779)

Teacher of:

Assisted by:

Collaborated with:

Friend of:
Angelica Kauffmann (1741-1807)

Buried near:

Knighted by:
George III, King (1738-1820)

President of:
The Royal Academy of Art

Buried at:
St Paul's Cathedral


Biographical Information

Sir Joshua Reynolds (July 16, 1723–February 23, 1792) was the most important and influential of eighteenth-century English painters, specialising in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. He was one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy. George III appreciated his merits and knighted him in 1769.

Reynolds was born in Plympton St Maurice, Devon, on 16 July 1723, and apprenticed in 1740 to the fashionable portrait painter Thomas Hudson [1701-1779], with whom he remained until 1743. From 1749 to 1752, he spent over two years in Italy, mainly in Rome, where he studied the Old Masters and acquired a taste for the "Grand Style". From 1753 on, he lived and worked in London. He became a close friend of Dr Johnson, Oliver Goldsmith, Edmund Burke, Henry Thrale, David Garrick and fellow artist Angelica Kauffmann [1741-1807]. He was one of the earliest members of the Royal Society of Arts: he encouraged that society's interest in contemporary art and, with Gainsborough, established the Royal Academy as a spin-out organisation.

With his rival Thomas Gainsborough [1727-1788], he was the dominant English portraitist of the second half of the 18th century. Reynolds painted in more of an idealized fashion than his rival. Reynolds was a brilliant academic. His lectures (Discourses) on art, delivered at the Royal Academy between 1769 and 1790, are remembered for their sensitivity and perception. In one of these lectures he was of the opinion that "invention, strictly speaking, is little more than a new combination of those images which have been previously gathered and deposited in the memory." In 1789 he lost the sight of his left eye, and on 23 February 1792 he died in his house in Leicester Fields, London. He was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.

Source:
  • Derived from an entry on the artist in the Wikipedia.
  •    Artist Portraits

       Books and Related Products About This Artist

    Brown Boy

    Oil on canvas
    Private collection

    Big Gallery
    Added: 2001-08-27
    Brown Boy
    An Unknown Army Officer

    Oil on canvas
    127.3 x 101.9 cm
    (50.12" x 40.12")
    Worcester Art Museum (Worcester, Massachussetts, United States)

    Added: 2001-08-27
    An Unknown Army Officer
    Captain Robert Orme

    1756
    Oil on canvas
    240 x 147 cm
    (94.49" x 57.87")
    National Gallery (London, United Kingdom)

    Web Gallery of Art
    Added: 2001-08-27
    Collina

    Oil on canvas
    Private collection

    Big Gallery
    Added: 2001-08-27
    Collina
    Colonel George K. H. Coussmaker, Grenadier Guards

    1782
    Oil on canvas
    238.1 x 145.4 cm
    (93.74" x 57.24")
    Metropolitan Museum of Art (Manhattan, New York, United States)

    Web Gallery of Art
    Added: 2001-08-27
    Colonel George K. H. Coussmaker, Grenadier Guards
    Francis Rawdon Hastings

    c1789
    Oil on canvas
    240 x 147.9 cm
    (94.49" x 58.23")
    Royal Collection, Windsor Castle (London, United Kingdom)

    Web Gallery of Art
    Added: 2001-08-27
    Francis Rawdon Hastings
    General Sir Banastre Tarleton

    1782
    Oil on canvas
    236 x 145 cm
    (92.91" x 57.09")
    National Gallery (London, United Kingdom)

    Web Gallery of Art
    Added: 2001-08-27
    General Sir Banastre Tarleton
    George Clive and his Family with an Indian Maid

    1765
    Oil on canvas
    140 x 171 cm
    (55.12" x 67.32")
    Staatliche Museen (Berlin, Germany)

    Web Gallery of Art
    Added: 2001-08-27
    George Clive and his Family with an Indian Maid
    John Charles

    Oil on canvas
    Private collection

    Big Gallery
    Added: 2001-08-27
    John Charles
    Lady Caroline Howard

    Oil on canvas
    Private collection

    Big Gallery
    Added: 2001-08-27
    Lady Caroline Howard