Jules Dupre

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Jules Dupre

French painter and printmaker

Born 4/5/1811 - Died 10/8/1889

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  • Biography
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Jules Dupr� was born in Nantes on April 5, 1811. His father was a porcelain manufacturer in Parmain � a small village on the shores of the Oise -- and by 1822 Jules was working in the factory decorating plates. In his spare time he painted simple landscape studies from nature and finally traveled to Paris to study with Jean-Michel Diebolt � the landscape and animal painter. In the late 1820�s his father was appointed director of the Coussac porcelain factory near Limoges and Jules took this opportunity to sketch and paint landscapes in this region.

In 1831, at the age of 20, he made his debut at the Salon � showing a number of landscapes and continued to exhibit there sporadically. That same year he was invited to London where he spent time studying the works of the English landscape artists and painting in the English countryside. It is believed that Dupr� was responsible for bringing the English landscape style to France and blending it with the style and images of the Barbizon school.

In 1833 he exhibited a number of works at the Paris Salon and received a second-class medal. However, it was the works he exhibited at the Salon of 1835 that solidified his reputation in the hearts and minds of many of the artists of the Romantic school. In an article written for The Magazine of Art in 1890, Ernest Chesneau noted that:


Ren� M�nard wrote in the March 1873 issue of Gazette des Beaux-Arts that:


It was also during this time that he met, and became friends with, Theodore Rousseau. Their friendship would last through the 1840�s and the two not only traveled together throughout the French countryside in search of new subject matter, but also shared a studio where they worked, side by side.

Jules Claretie, a relative of Dupr�, made the following comments about the artist and his relationship with Rousseau in The Magazine of Art: "[even at the height of his career, he would carry] his young friend�s pictures from one to another, showing them off, praising them and making three several efforts to have one of Rousseau�s landscapes exhibited at the Salon. He even induced him to leave his attic room in the Rue Taitbout, and took a studio for him, where the two painters, working side by side, produced not a few pictures which will count to the credit of the modern French school."

In 1849 Dupr� was awarded the Legion of Honor and by 1852 he stopped exhibiting at the Salon. At a special exhibition that took place in Paris in 1860, Dupr� sent a number of works to be displayed. Th�ophile Gautier reviewed the exhibit and made these comments:


By the mid 1860�s he began to spend most of the summer months in the coastal town of Cayeux-sur-Mer � painting marine and shore line landscapes. In the late 1860�s Millet joined him during his summer sojourns and in the early 1870�s Courbet could also be found painting in this area.

It was not until 1867 when Dupr� began to, once again, submit works to the Salon and it was at this exhibit where the artist was awarded a second-class medal.

Clarence Cook made the following remarks about the artist in his book Art and Artists of Our Time:


Dupr� continued to spend much of his life in isolation and would exhibit at the Salon through 1883. He died on October 6, 1889.

Source:
This essay is copyrighted by Rehs Galleries, Inc. and may not be reproduced or transmitted without written permission from Rehs Galleries, Inc.

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  • Boulard, Auguste (1825-1897)