Jean-Eugene Buland

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Jean-Eugene Buland

French Naturalist artist

Born 1852 - Died 1927

  • Artworks
  • Biography
  • Images of the Artist


Buland was a native of Paris who studied at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-arts under Alexandre Cabanel, benefiting from instruction at one of France's most renowned art schools. He abandoned early forays into Symbolism for "genre painting" instead, focusing on capturing scenes from everyday life around him in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Jean Eugene Buland's "Le Tripot", featured below, is an excellent example of the transition that saw him move away from his early Symbolism work to a much more realistic portrayal of scenes from everyday life. "Le Tripot" (translated as "The Gambling Den" or "The Dive") provides an unblinking look at gamblers from all walks of life huddled around a gambling table, with most only possessing a few chips or coins in front of them. Everyone seems equally resigned to an unhappy end in the smoke-filled room, with an almost palpable sense of surrender and melancholy pervading each and every person.

Genre painting can be realistic as well as romanticized or stylized; typical scenes include markets, domestic settings, rural outings, weddings, and street life. While many genre paintings share similar topics, the approach of the artist is often very different as far as how they interpret and emphasize certain aspects of the scene. Other well-known Buland works feature these very images as in "Innocent Wedding", which is at the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Carcassonne, France.

Buland was reasonably successful and well-received in his own time, receiving commissions from the Musée du Luxembourg and other museums. He also contributed several panels to the Science Fair at the City Hall of Paris and was selected to paint the ceiling of the Château-Thierry town hall.

By Samantha Schwartz
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Jean­Eugene Buland

Image courtesy of Philippe Kayser