John Collier

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John Collier

English Victorian Neoclassical painter

Born 1/27/1850 - Died 4/11/1934

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  • Biography
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  • Letters
  • Images of the Artist

Mode

Obituary in The Times 12th April 1934.

Stories In Pictures.

The case of the Hon John Collier, who died yesterday at his home at Hampstead at the age of 84, warns us against narrowness in our definition of art. By some schools of opinion he would not be regarded as an artist at all. On the whole it seems wiser to regard him as an extreme instance of an artist for who art is primarily, if not exclusively the accurate - ‘truthful,’ begs the question - representation of the facts. Extremes are always interesting, and it is true that the works of John Collier, with their tacit assertion that what are regarded as artistic qualities do not matter, deserve more respect from those who do not like them, than those of many artists who aim at artistic qualities without achieving them. There is indeed something formidable about the way in which the paintings of Collier reduce the business of painting to accurate presentation. Not that he was entirely deficient in artistic feeling. His occasional paintings of the nude show at least an appreciation of line and a pleasure in the surfaces and textures, and some of his landscapes have charm, but the effects were transferred to, not created on the canvass. Beauty for him was a matter of subject and there the matter ended.

To the larger public Collier was famous mainly for his ‘problem pictures,’ such as The Death Sentence, The Return of the Prodigal, and The Fallen Idol; storytelling compositions that still left something to the ingenuity, rather than the imagination of the spectator. The man who created a description if not a form of picture cannot be called unimportant; and incidentally Collier’s pictures must have meant a small fortune to the Royal Academy when exhibited at Burlington House. He himself disliked the term ’problem picture.’ When in 1913 The Fallen Idol, was exhibited at the Royal Academy, a letter from the artist was read by a Minister in the Congregational Church at Wanstead. The artist wrote:


Returning to the subject again in 1920, when he gave The Fallen Idol, to be sold for the benefit of St Dunstan’s, Collier protested again against his paintings being known as problem pictures:


Collier’s annoyance is understandable, but the truth is that the discussion was itself a criticism of his artistic methods. The criticism took a comical turn when Collier’s picture of Clytemnestra was banned in a Northern City. Apart from the humour of the situation - the champion of orthodoxy in art was called to account as a disturber of public taste - the possible effects of a vivid representation of homicidal violence, but the root of the objection was the representation of Clytemnestra with her bloody dagger in that form of art. But it was not in his ‘problem pictures,’ that Collier made a serious contribution to the art of his time. In portraiture at any rate from a documentary point of view, his very limitations, his insistence on extreme accuracy as distinct from a generalised truth, were an advantage in his portraits of W.K. Clifford, Darwin, Huggins - the astronomer Huxley - George Smith, and Doctor J. Clifford in the National Portrait Gallery are far from being the least valuable in that institution. Collier painted many other eminent persons (Mr Rudyard Kipling and Miss Julia Nielson amongst them). In 1927 he was represented at the Royal Academy by a portrait of Mr Aldous Huxley his nephew - a quaint association in the reflective mind. He contributed paintings, sometimes portraits, sometimes symbolistic compositions such as The Summer Night That Paused Among Her Stars, to the Royal Academy each year with one exception since 1877. In 1931 a one man show of his works was held at the Museum Galleries at the Haymarket, in which his landscape studies were a pleasant surprise.

John Collier, who was born on 27th January 1850, was the second son of the eminent judge who afterwards became Lord Monkswell. After four years at Eton he went abroad to study French and German with the intention of joining the Diplomatic Service, but went instead to the City. His father did not oppose his desire to become a painter, but gave him an introduction to Alma-Tadema [1836-1912], who however could not take him as a pupil, so he went instead to the Slade School, afterwards studying in Paris and Munich. During the war he did good service as a temporary clerk at the Foreign Office. He was Vice-President of the Society of Portrait Painters whose Honorary Treasurer Mr G. Spencer Watson died on the same day. He was also the author of A Manual of Oil Painting, and A Primer of Art. He also gave much time to causes such as ‘Rationalism and Divorce.’ A thin bearded man he gave the impression of polite independence - a sort of quiet ruthlessness in personal intercourse and character which was reflected in his painting. His first marriage was to Marian, daughter of Professor Huxley, she died shortly after the birth of their only daughter Joyce, wife of Mr Drysdale Kilburn. In 1893 he married his first wife’s sister Ethel in Norway, the marrige resulting in two children, Mr Laurance Collier who is in the Diplomatic Service, and Joan the wife of Brigadier General F.A. Buzzard, being regularised in this country after The Deceased Wife’s Sister Act of 1907.

Source:
  • Victorian Art in Britan.
  • Personal

    son of

    • Collier, Robert Porrett, Lord (1817-1886)

    student of

    Institutional

    vice-president of

    • Society of Portrait Painters

    Pg 1 of 2 Ltr mentioning Royal Academy

    Dear Miss Collier
    I return the M.S. with certain alterations. To begin with I am not an academician. I have nothing to do with the Royal Academy except as an exhibitor. Then I have cut out the personal references. I have expressed very plainly my opinion of Epstein's work but I am tired of the controversy that my criticism evoked and I do not want to review it. I should like to see the copy of the Daily Herald. I am leaving town tomorrow. My address for the next three weeks will be

    Haxted House
    Edenbridge
    Kent


    Image courtesy of Don Kurtz

    Pg 1 of 2 Arranging 3 to 3.30 appointment

    Dear Miss Collier
    I must apologize for not having answered your letter. I have been very busy the last day or two.
    I have so often expressed my views on modern art that I have not anything new to say or if I have it would be quite unprintable.
    However if you think it worthwhile by all means come to see me. About 3 to 3.30 is a good time. I shall be disengaged at that time tomorrow. However if tomorrow does not suit you it would be easy to fix up another date.

    Yours truly
    John Collier


    Image courtesy of Don Kurtz

    John Collier

    Image courtesy of Don Kurtz

    Added on 27 August, 2012